Froebel 2020: Visions of Social Justice, Equity and Integrity

Gifts for our Future 12: The seed cast abroad

Practitioner day of the International Froebel Society Conference, in partnership with the Edinburgh Froebel Network

We are very sad that the decision has been made to cancel the International Froebel Society Conference this year due to the impact of Covid-19. We hope that the conference will be able to take place in the future.

Saturday 6th June 2020, 9:00 – 15:30

We are delighted to anounce details of our 12th conference which will take place at the John McIntyre Centre, The University of Edinburgh, Pollock Halls.  This is a practitioner day which is part of the International Froebel Society Conference taking place in Edinburgh on the 4th and 5th of June.

Keynote Speaker

Helen May, Professor Emeritus, University of Otago

Curriculum journeys through time and place: Exemplars from Aotearoa, New Zealand


Delegates will be able to attend two of the following seminars

A    Exploring Froebelian Occupations in Australia: Sharing knowledge gifted by Aboriginal Peoples

B    A Froebelian approach to supporting early literacy in a South African context

C    Froebelian Principles and Practice: Teacher Training in Kolkata

D   A Frobelian Kindergarten in Japan: Glory kindergarten, ‘Then and Now’

E    Die Anwendung (application) of the Spielgaben (gifts) and Beschäftigungsmitte (occupations) im Kindergarten

Please download our flyer for further information and the booking form.

Tickets for the 9th Biennial International Froebel Conference, can be booked here.

Edinburgh Froebel Network Conference: Gifts for Our Future 11: Looking Inwards, Looking Outwards, Looking Forwards

Saturday 21st September 2019, 9am-3:30pm

We are delighted to announce details of our 11th conference which will take place at the John McIntyre Centre,The University of Edinburgh, Pollock Halls.

‘If only the seed be cast abroad, the springing up will not fail nor will the fruit be wanting’ (Froebel)


Professor Sacha Powell

Director of Education, Research and Strategy, The Froebel Trust

Assimilating Disparate Information to Generate Relational Knowledge

Dr Lynn J McNair OBE and Luke Addison

Head of Cowgate Under Fives Centre, Edinburgh and Senior Teaching Fellow at the University of Edinburgh and PhD student at University of Edinburgh

Telling Lived Stories: Developing a Froebelian Approach to Documenting Children’s Experiences

A choice of two Seminars by Graduates of Childhood Practice Courses across Scotland

Gifts and Occupations

Power of Partnership across four settings

Play across the early level and beyond 

Learning in nature

Working with parents

Please download our flyer for further information and booking form.

Conference memories

It’s been a while since our conference in September, so we’re delighted to share the graphic record of the day, created by the wonderful artist Albi Taylor, reminding us of the wise words and excellent presentations from our speakers.

It’s a very large image, so if you right click on it and ‘open image in new tab’, you should be able to enlarge it to full size to read it.

Guest Blog by Alison Hawkins on our Conference; Gifts for our Future 10: Perspectives on Play

On 22nd September the Edinburgh Froebel Network held its 10th annual conference at the Assembly Rooms in Edinburgh. Thank you to Alison Hawkins for her guest blog.

In societies and communities birthdays are special: they unite family and friends and give cause for celebration, frequently demonstrated by gatherings to share quality time.
How fortunate was it therefore for the 550 delegates who descended on the sumptuous surroundings of the Assembly Rooms, Edinburgh that the Edinburgh Froebel Network chose to celebrate their tenth year of conference-holding in such a style?
On a crisp September Saturday morning, interested ‘educators’ from diverse national and international backgrounds were greeted with welcoming smiles, a Froebelian goodie bag and the aromatic smell of coffee, as they anticipated a day of growth and camaraderie.

Before I report on the content and success of the day, it is fitting to reflect for a moment on the stature of this ambitious enterprise. Conferences, in common with birthday parties, do not ‘just happen’ and an occasion such as this took much planning, imagination, organisation and sheer hard graft – proffered by the ‘team’ of nursery headteachers responsible for the setting up, ten years ago, of the aforementioned Edinburgh Froebel Network. Their dedication and endeavour over the decade has enthused, trained and inspired so many that a Froebelian ethos and approach is very visibly present in current settings and schools, and the interest and demand for further knowledge and understanding of principles reflects this.

From the outset of the morning, with an almost military precision – married with eager and considerate attendees – the day unfolded and progressed like clockwork.
Scores of people interacted and exchanged greetings as they wandered around imbibing the rich and informative wisdom of the academic posters, which served to explain practice and theory, ways forward and controversies.

The first speaker – greatly anticipated by those who have heard her talk previously, and by those who have enjoyed and learned from her many books – was Professor Tina Bruce who, in her inimitable manner explored play, touching on its numerous interpretations but cleverly guiding our thoughts to Froebelian play. By concentrating on the fundamental benefits of deep engagement, she led us to understand how first hand meaningful experiences build up a reservoir of ‘character’, knowledge, enterprise and creative thinking from which a person will draw in adult life.

Linked seamlessly to this, participants were next treated to a lecture delivered by Dr Sue Robson of The University of Roehampton, England, entitled ‘Play, Creativity and Creative Thinking’. Sue outlined her research which evidenced how when a child chooses and directs their own play, their involvement, articulation (of their learning) and sophistication of thought are all greater. She described how self-activity leads to self-regulation and allows a child to feel in control, to be flexible and forward moving in their ideas, to socialise, negotiate and interact with others and become creative problem-solvers. She challenged us to link our practice to these findings.

Once more, nourished by pastries and networking, the large audience settled to listen – this time to Dr Marjatta Kalliala from the University of Helsinki, Finland. Kept on the edge of our seats by awe at this delivery in a language not her first, and by the content, we visited (through the findings of her research) the hows and whys of changing culture and the decline of superior, engaging play. She reported on variation in cultural norms, and outlined how what is ‘acceptable’ has changed. She talked about the plethora of ‘play policies’ worldwide which would suggest play is seen as important, but questioned the depth of quality of some policies. She provided some interesting statistics about the positivity of rough and tumble and outdoor play, and reminded us ‘that a child does not distinguish between care and education’.

A delicious vegetarian lunch break afforded more time to meet and talk with ‘kent’ faces and people anew, or browse the quality products of Community Playthings, Froebel’s Gifts and the well-stocked book shop.

First slot after lunch always requires talented orators to keep an audience on track as the temptation to relax a little and let concentration drift can be high – replete as one is with food, knowledge and adrenaline.

We were not let down!
Tina gave a brief outline of the content and importance of the recently published “Routledge International Handbook of Froebel and Early Childhood Practice” and following that Dr Suzanne Flannery Quinn from Froebel College, the University of Roehampton explored ‘Locating Play Today’, advocating that if we wish to locate play we must first understand its complexity. She revisited play versus activity and addressed Froebel practice today with an interpretation of Froebel’s ‘Come let us live with our children…’ quote, unpicking our role as pedagogues in the capacity of companions, guides, guardians, placemakers and humans. She illustrated a journey of Frobelian thought and developing practice through a fascinating historic timeline.

Thanks all round, and a standing ovation to the organisers – marking not just a successful, thought-provoking conference but attributing this strengthening movement – concluded the day. As an interesting aside, for some hours post conference around the centre of town, people were to be seen sporting smart jute bags emblazoned with our Froebel lily – a fitting advert!

Now Froebelians do not rest on their laurels; building on last year’s conference workshop-sharing of practical experiences, complemented by this year’s academic insight to the relevance of Froebel’s principles today, plans are afoot for future delivery… and in addition Edinburgh looks forward to hosting the 2020 Froebel International Conference.

As they say from little acorns strong oak trees grow.

Alison J Hawkins
Wester Coates Nursery School

Conference Reminder – Perspectives on Play

Our 10th conference will be taking place on Saturday 22nd September 2018, from 10am-4pm at the Assembly Rooms in Edinburgh’s George Street.

90% of tickets have now been sold and ticket sales close on the 8th of September.
If you are planning to come and have not yet purchased your ticket, please do so soon as it looks like we might sell out.

Tickets can be purchased through Eventbrite.

Eventbrite - Edinburgh Froebel Conference: Gifts for our Future 10: Perspectives on Play 

For more information on the conference speakers, see the post below.

Edinburgh Froebel Network Conference: Gifts for Our Future 10: Perspectives on Play

Saturday 22nd September 2018, 10am-4pm

We are excited to announce details of our tenth conference which will take place at the Assembly Rooms in Edinburgh’s George Street.

Perspectives on Play

‘At this age play is never trivial; it is serious and deeply significant.It needs to be cherished and encouraged by the parents for in his free choice of play a child reveals the future life of his mind to anyone who has insight into human nature’  Froebel in Lilley 1967:84

Conference welcome from Professor Tina Bruce CBE, Author and Early Years Specialist

Keynote speakers;

Creativity and Creative Thinking – Dr Sue Robson, Honorary Research Fellow, University of Roehampton Play

Play Culture in a Changing World re-visited – Marjatta Kalliala, Professor, University of Helsinki, Finland

Locating Play Today – Suzanne Flannery Quinn, Senior Lecturer of Early Childhood Studies, University of Roehampton, Froebel College

Eventbrite - Edinburgh Froebel Conference: Gifts for our Future 10: Perspectives on Play 

Save the Date! Edinburgh Froebel Network Conference on Saturday 22nd September 2018. 

Edinburgh Froebel Network’s 10th Conference, Gifts for our Future, will take place on Saturday 22nd September 2018 at the Assembly Rooms in Edinburgh. We are currently finalising the programme and more details will be available soon.

Reflections on Dr Lynn McNair’s Keynote at Froebel: Gifts for Our Future 9 by John Dagger

Before hearing Lynn speak at the Gifts for Our Future conference, I had been pre-warned that the content of her presentation might be upsetting.  The title ‘Rules, Rules, Rules, and We’re Not Allowed to Skip’ had already set transition alarm bells ringing and I was not expecting to be uplifted!

Lynn began by grounding the audience in some important Froebelian principles, with ‘discipline being a non-issue in a well conceived educational programme’ jumping out at me in particular.  I have worked for many years in the early stages, and mostly in P1.  More recently I have been practicing in Nursery and the topics of discipline, rewards and self directions are ones I have discussed with colleagues often, especially those still in P1.

It wasn’t very long before Lynn was talking about Golden Time, and the sun and cloud charts that are used with this reward and sanctions system.  My heart sank.  I had used these in my classes.  I thought I had used them well.

I had read about Golden Time many, many years ago, and it had made sense to me at the time.  Everyone else was using it . . . but I had never taken the time to really ask myself “WHY?”  Why do I need this idea of punishment – of loss – of being ‘bad’ or ‘naughty?’  And, more importantly why didn’t the nursery need this system?

In my latter years in P1 I’d like to hope that the system wasn’t really being used – It was just ‘there’.  I had moved on to a much more play based curriculum and interdisciplinary method of teaching and learning.  But it was still there.  In the background.  Looming. . .

It upsets me to think of the pressure I had most likely and unwittingly placed upon my learners.  I have heard first hand, from ex pupils currently in P1 visiting my nursery of how they view the sun and the clouds.  One girl was telling me just a few weeks ago how she worries about a boy in her class who is always on the black cloud.  Knowing the wee lad in question makes me wonder how well he understands the rules of his new environment.  English is an additional language for him, and I suspect he may be finding new routines difficult to understand.

Lynn touched on EAL in her presentation mirroring my thoughts, before moving onto classification.

I made my peace with ‘PIPS’ many years ago (A baseline and end of year assessment tool used in every P1 in Scotland).  They had to be done.  Simple as that, so I made them a game.  I have never ‘taught to the test’ and agree with Lynn who noted that ‘this type of pedagogy celebrates rote learning, memorising and high-stakes testing, while it produces an atmosphere of child passivity and teacher routinisation.’  Froebelian practitioners embrace freedom from rote learning as it opens the door to understanding, and, as I have always championed, all learning has to start from where the learner is.

Lynn then turned her attention to how the curriculum is designed in many Primary settings.  How it can often be a ‘top down’ controlled system, closely aligned with corporate power and military values.  She shared with the audience the words of a P1 explaining how they felt about ‘groups’ and how good or bad a child is at learning in relation to these.  John Hattie’s research would certainly support the child’s question as to why they were even being grouped in the first place.  I was very lucky in my final year as a class teacher to have been in a school which recognised the power of mixed ability learning, of collaborative learning and of challenged based, skill focused learning.   In that last year I even took the plunge and had no groupings in my class.  Everyone made progress.  I was happier, and I hope the children were too.

Lynn concluded by focusing on the transition process and how children view their own school readiness.  Her words have made me reflect on the transition policy we have in place in my current setting, and as Lynn noted, it is probably well intended – but possibly not well enacted.

Lynn’s presentation has already caused much dialogue between myself and colleagues within and beyond my setting.

Lynn’s presentation, although difficult to hear, has held a mirror up to every practitioner involved in transition.

We have been challenged.

We have been challenged to consider new possibilities and to focus on play.

I plan on rising to the challenge.


John Dagger

Head Teacher,

Mount Esk Nursery School

Froebel: Gifts for Our Future 9 – Graphic Record

Those who attended the Froebel: Gifts for Our Future 9 Conference in October, may remember Albi Taylor, busily working away at the back of the hall creating a record of the proceedings.

We are delighted to be able to share this wonderful record of the day with you now.


More about Albi’s work can be found on her website here.

Conference Review by Alison Hawkins

What an amazing and inspirational Froebel conference took place in Edinburgh yesterday. It was attended by 320 delegates, plus behind the scene stalwarts who beavered away to provide an interesting, thought provoking agenda. It was opened with a précis of the history of Froebel’s influence across our nation and the important message that our Froebelian Practice is essential in countering the somewhat utilitarianism of the current educational climate. We were implored to continue our reflective practice and stick with our philosophy – now backed by the evidence of neuroscience. It was stated that Froebelians provide nurturing environments indoors and out which allow children to develop and to be their own person with their own voice.

Dr Lynn McNair then gave an account of her PhD research ‘Rules, rules, rules and we’re not allowed to skip’. More than one person was moved to tears as she described (in a rapid romp through) her findings, punctuated by the quotes of children and their families – illustrating the contrast between early years’ settings and P1….though there was acknowledgement of the ‘change that is afoot’. I have witnessed so often the exact scenarios she articulated as ‘past pupils’ visit and bemoan the lack of play, choices and opportunities to decision-make at school.

Jane Dyke then took the floor and we heard an entertaining and uplifting account of the history and development of ‘Yellow Dot’ nurseries. Jane, after meeting Edinburgh Froebelians and Prof Tina Bruce, embarked on turning the whole ethos of her nursery chain around into settings which properly serve children, enrich their daily lives and provide love and attention as would be found in a child’s home. What I thought was particularly helpful to many was Jane’s repeated comment that nothing was turned round overnight, and that they remain on a journey. For those endeavouring to alter practice (perhaps ‘fighting’ to alter practice) this was a reassuring model.

In the afternoon workshops resulting from a two year story-telling research project, were held. Practitioners – sponsored by the Froebel Trust – had set out to discover ‘what impact has story telling on language development in early years?’. Ten presentations were given which summed up the paths in which the research had gone in various settings, and gave illustrations of the methodology used, and the outcomes.

It is certainly also worth mentioning the coffee and pastries plus the delicious vegetarian lunch which punctuated the day!

I was very proud to have Wester Coates Nursery School so well represented!